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La Réfriche Nursery

Butternut (Juglans cinerea) - Zone 3b

Butternut (Juglans cinerea) - Zone 3b

Regular price $12.00 CAD
Regular price Sale price $12.00 CAD
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Juglans cinerea - Native nut tree of Quebec, nut of exceptional taste and conservation effort. This tree once ubiquitous in the forests of southern Quebec is now seriously threatened by a fungal disease (Sirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum or Ophiognomonia clavigignenti-juglandacearum) causing cankers and eventually leading to the death of the affected tree. Our trees from seedlings are part of an effort to save the species, in search of disease resistant genetics.

To be planted in well-drained soil in full sun with a recommended spacing of 10m between each tree!

* Note that the life expectancy of these trees is greatly compromised by the disease and the planting should be done primarily for a collective conservation effort. *


- More detailed description to come -


It adapts to many types of soil, provided it is well drained. Full sun and deep soil are necessary for growth and fruit production. It is ideal for windbreaks, permaculture orchards or woodlands. The tree casts only partial shade under its leaves.


Its hard, rot-resistant wood has many uses. It is sought after in cabinetmaking for luxury furniture, pianos and sculptures. We recommend 6-10m spacing for log harvesting and 15m spacing for veneer production. Annual pruning is required to establish a good bole. In the case of close plantings, successive thinning is necessary to maintain good growth.

Size and shape

The tree can reach heights of 10 to 25 m and widths of 10 to 15 m without competition.


Self-sterile. Ideal fruiting is achieved by planting at least two trees of different cultivars. Butternut nuts are tasty and have a unique flavor. It is necessary to extract their husk, dry them and use a nutcracker to extract the flesh.


Seeds from the Outaouais region. The mother trees were selected for their hardiness to our region and the gustatory quality of their nuts.

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